It is a common condition caused by stomach acid escaping into the throat area.

Many people experience occasional episodes of heartburn, often alongside bloating and/or indigestion. In most cases it is mild and only occurs occasionally, but, if people have persistent and reoccurring symptoms it is normally regarded as a condition that needs treatment and they should consult their GP.

This section provides useful information on what can cause heartburn, along with some general advice on how to avoid it.


  • Burning sensation in the chest or throat
  • Indigestion
  • Bloating or trapped wind
  • Unpleasant, sour taste at the top of your throat or the back of your mouth
  • Problems swallowing (also known as dysphagia)

If you are experiencing symptoms such as heartburn more than once or twice a month or experiencing severe symptoms then you should see your GP.


  • Having meals at irregular times (too late in the day), eating too fast or foods that are high in fat, too heavy for your stomach to easily digest can contribute to heartburn, trapped wind, and/or indigestion
  • High pressure on the stomach, such as excess weight, increases the risk of heartburn (and trapped wind and/or indigestion)